Cannabis Newbie: Cannabis Concentrates
Posted: October 19, 2016
Guest post by Mike M.
Previously, I’ve discussed my newbie understanding of the industry as well as getting to know the cannabis plant. Now, it’s time to touch on the most active and growing faction of the industry – cannabis concentrates.
Prior to doing my research for this post, I had heard of shatter, wax and tincture from my few weeks working with Lucy Sky. Prior to that? Not once. Although in recent weeks, I’ve heard of them, by no means did I truly understand them.
While this post will not delve into the details of those particular concentrates (that’s for a later date), it will touch on them so as to define them, as well as the overall idea of what a concentrate is.
How is a concentrate made?
In the simplest of descriptions, a cannabis concentrates are any product that is acquired through an extraction process with a solvent.
The solvents used include butane, CO2, ethanol and others. These solvents remove compounds from the plant and leave hind a product that is packed full of cannabinoids. The extraction process differ depending on the desired outcome – high THC, high CBD, etc.
What are some concentrates?
As I mentioned earlier, shatter, wax and tincture are a few examples. Other concentrates include hash, butane hash oil (BHO) and CO2 oils. The last of those two being the most popular options for dabbing (smoking a dose on a heated surface and inhaled through a dab rig) and vape pens. Needless to say, this list is not all-encompassing. There are far more available cannabis products available and more being created everyday.
A glass-like extract. Considered by some to be the purest and cleanest type of extract. Generally smoked with a vaporizer or dab rig.
An encompassing title as waxes can take on a variety of consistencies. Specific examples include “budder,” and others like “crumble” and “honeycomb.” Created by the crystallization of cannabis molecules after extraction. Generally smoked with a vaporizer.
A classic in the terms of cannabis use. Dating back to the 1930’s, it was a popular method for taking cannabis medicine. It’s a liquid concentrate that is dropped under the tongue.
Another classic, hash is the condensed plant resin. Most commonly used with a pipe.
Smoked with a dab rig, butane hash oil (BHO) is one of the most potent concentrates available. THC content can be as high as 80%, really ratcheting up the game.
Through the power of science and engineering, CO2 oils are now popularly found in many vape pens. Leafly describes it: “a concentrate made possible by expensive botanical extractors that use pressure and carbon dioxide to separate plant material. This method, called supercritical fluid extraction, is one of the most effective ways of reducing cannabis to its essential compounds. The amber oil it produces can be vaporized in a variety of ways…”
I hope this overview provides some insight to the lingo and names you’ll run into when you shop at Lucy Sky, but know that whatever remaining questions you have, the Cannabis Advisors are happy to answer each and every one. You won’t be rushed out the door.
In the next post, I’ll be breaking down the difference between cannabis plant types. Stavia and Indica and Hybrids.